Paper, by definition, is a complex matted web of cellulose fibers. Genuine
parchment, authentic vellum, or papyruses are not true papers by this
• Paper is made by gathering the plant of choice, and beating it into
a pulp. Water is then added, until the pulp becomes slurry. The slurry
is then sifted against a screen until it forms an even layer. Once it
dries, a sheet of paper is formed. Refer to my photo page for step-by-step
pictures of the papermaking process.
• Most paper contains sizing. Sizing is any glutinous material used
to fill pores in surfaces that helps to make a stronger sheet of paper.
• Making a paper requires nearly 3700 pounds of wood over 200 pounds
of lime, 360 pounds of soda ash, and 24,000 gallons of water.
• Making paper from raw materials we need to dispose of 84 pounds of
air pollution, 36 pounds of water pollutants and 176 pounds of solid
• The United States and Canada are one of the world's largest producers
of paper and paper products.
• The U.S. consumption of paper and paperboard in 1999 was approximately
354 kilograms (about 800 pounds) per person.
• Recycling one ton of paper saves 17 trees and 3000 gallons of water.
• Recycling paper uses 60% less energy than manufacturing paper from
• Paper had an overall recycling rate of 35.3% in 1994. About 55.3%
of corrugated boxes, 45.3% of newspapers, 19.3% of books, 30% of magazines,
and 42.5% of office papers were recycled in.
• Recovered paper is used to make a variety of products, including copier
paper, paper towels and napkins, corrugated boxes, and hydraulic mulch.
• One tree can filter upto 60 pounds of pollutants from the air each
• Good papers are rated as pH neutral. Better papers are called "acid
free", based on the materials they were manufactured from. The
best papers are "archival".
• Paper products use up at least 35 percent of the world's annual commercial
• More than 70% of today's businesses would fail within 3 weeks if they
suffered a catastrophic loss of paper-based records due to fire or flood.
• Paper in the average business grows by 22% a year, meaning your paper
will double in 3.3 years.
• Handmade paper are still made today with the same process as used
• Handmade Paper is made by gathering the plant of choice, and beating
it into a pulp. Water is then added, until the pulp becomes slurry.
The slurry is then sifted against a screen until it forms an even layer.
• Hot Press is the term used to describe the smoothest surface of watercolor
paper, as if it had been ironed using a hot iron to make it perfectly
• Soft Press paper has slightly more texture, but is still smooth, as
if the hot ironing had been done, but using less pressure.
• Cold Press paper has even more texture than the previous two, as if
it had been ironed using a colder iron, leaving more bumps.
• Rough paper is the most textured of the watercolor paper surfaces,
as if it had not been ironed at all.
• Rice paper is not really made from rice.
• "Vellum" means different things to different papers.
• Hemp paper can't give you a contact high.
• Handmade paper has the advantage of being 100% wood free which makes
it the most eco-friendly form of paper around.
• It has greater tensile, bursting, tearing and double-fold strength
compared to conventional paper.
• Handmade paper turns out to be little more costly because they are
not mass produced like conventional papers.